MOSFET Characteristics

 
  • CHARACTERISTICS
  • TRANSCONDUCTANCE
  • DC SOURCE
  • AMMETER
  • VOLTMETER
  • MOSFET
  • JFET
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Overview

The IGFET or MOSFET is a voltage controlled field effect transistor that differs from a JFET in that it has a "Metal Oxide" Gate electrode which is electrically insulated from the main semiconductor N-channel or P-channel by a thin layer of insulating material usually silicon dioxide (commonly known as glass). As the Gate terminal is isolated from the main current carrying channel "NO current flows into the gate" and just like the JFET, the MOSFET also acts like a voltage controlled resistor were the current flowing through the main channel between the Drain and Source is proportional to the input voltage. A drain current will only flow when a gate voltage (VGS) is applied to the gate terminal greater than the threshold voltage (VTH) level in which conductance takes place making it a Transconductance device. This positive gate voltage pushes away the holes within the channel attracting electrons towards the oxide layer and thereby increasing the thickness of the channel allowing current to flow. Increasing this positive gate voltage will cause the channel resistance to decrease further causing an increase in the drain current, ID through the channel. In other words, for an N-channel enhancement mode MOSFET: +VGS turns the transistor "ON", while a zero or -VGS turns the transistor "OFF".

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Created on: 25 Feb 2013
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